A summary of his controversial and influential discussion of the idea of desert that is, getting what one deserveshowever, will illustrate how he proceeds. Others can foster alienation and exploitation. Here is an example.
In essence, public reason requires citizens to be able to justify their political decisions to one another using publicly available values and standards. Gauthier, ; Gilbert, Initially it is important to situate the extract of discussion.
We may also think that the talented deserve to be rewarded for the use of their talents, whether or not they deserved those talents in the first place.
With these common-sense precepts of justice, Rawls does not disagree; but he clarifies them by responding to them dialectically. The second challenge is the challenge of stability, which looks at political power from the receiving end.
In this book, he tried to explain the political structures that are designed by society for its citizens. Even this revised account of civility remains highly debatable. He also held that no one deserves the character traits he or she is born with, such as his or her capacity for hard work.
The three most fundamental ideas that Rawls finds in the public political culture of a democratic society are that citizens are free and equal, and that society should be a fair system of cooperation.