Understanding aids and its cause

Opportunistic infections are infections and infection-related cancers that occur more frequently or are more severe in people with weakened immune systems than in people with healthy immune systems.

symptoms of aids

Ask your doctor about work, home, and vacation activities to limit exposure to potential OIs. However, now it's clear that HIV also spreads through heterosexual sex.

list three causes of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Lymphoma: People refer to cancer of the lymph nodes and lymphoid tissues as lymphomaand many different types might occur. The person becomes vulnerable to serious illnesses. CMV retinitis is a medical emergency.

If you have hepatitis B you should be evaluated by an infectious disease or liver specialist before beginning therapy. In people with darker skin, the lesions may look dark brown or black.

Aids full form

In July , the FDA approved the first single-pill, once-a-day AIDS treatment, thereby allowing patients to manage their disease without a complicated regimen of drugs that must be strictly followed to be effective. If you use a needle to inject drugs, make sure it's sterile and don't share it. Destruction of Immune System A fatal and incurable disease caused by HIV, AIDS attacks and destroys the immune system, gradually leaving the individual defenseless against illnesses that lead to death. And with the breakdown of the immune system, severe opportunistic infections develop. What are the stages of HIV? These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. Seizures occur when it spreads to the brain. These opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS, the last stage of HIV infection. Opportunistic infections Toxoplasmosis, found in cat and animal feces, is a dangerous opportunistic infection for people who have AIDS. It causes inflammation and a thick, white coating on the mucous membranes of your mouth, tongue, esophagus or vagina. Anyone of any age, race, sex or sexual orientation can be infected. Have an STI. Your risk of HIV increases if you have multiple sexual partners.

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia PJP : A fungus called Pneumocystis jirovecii causes breathlessness, dry cough, and high fever in people with suppressed immune systems, including those with HIV.

Taking effective antiretroviral medications for life can halt on-going damage to the immune system. The period from the time of infection to the development of HIV symptoms varies considerably, anywhere between 4 months to 10 years or longer.

How do you get aids

But if you have these symptoms after a potential exposure to HIV, see a health care provider and tell them about your risk. It may also be transmitted from infected mother to infant before, during, or shortly after birth. You will need a blood test to check your kidney function before taking this drug. HIV isn't spread through the air, water or insect bites. You get it when you eat or drink contaminated food or water. The drug emtricitabine-tenofovir Truvada can reduce the risk of sexually transmitted HIV infection in people at very high risk. HIV treatment is nowadays often effective enough to keep many infections at bay. During pregnancy or delivery or through breast-feeding. This potentially deadly infection is caused by Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite spread primarily by cats. These sores act as doorways for HIV to enter your body. If you use a needle to inject drugs, make sure it's sterile and don't share it. Belonging to the group of retroviruses, HIV incorporates itself into the genetic constitution of the host cell, allowing it to reproduce alongside the host cell and causing a permanent infection. The following cannot transmit the virus: shaking hands. However, that leaves almost 22 million still not accessing ART.

Within 2 to 4 weeks after infection with HIV, some people may have flu-like symptoms, such as fever, chills, or rash. However, CMV retinitis is of particular concern in people with late-stage HIV, and it can infect the retina at the back of the eye, permanently removing sight.

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HIV and AIDS: Overview, causes, symptoms, and treatments