The united kingdom and india essay

Rudyard Kipling reflected this position in his novels. While the Spanish crisis was one of leadership, connection to other empires, a desire to avoid partition.

Essay on disadvantages of british rule in india

Furthermore, the League failed to achieve the confidence of the majority of the Muslim population in the elections of It abolished the Court of directors and the Board of Control. The country as we see it now did not exist even 50 years ago. However, it was only from the late s that it became inevitable that independence could only be achieved if accompanied by a partition. For instance, tariff walls were raised to protect the Indian cotton industry against cheap British imports. The keys seem to have been superior weaponry, economic power, and Eurocentric confidence. As already indicated, the earliest influence on the thinking of British administrators and thinkers was their idea of improvement or progress. Top Hasty transfer of power The lack of confidence in the Muslim League among the Muslim population was to be dramatically reversed in the elections. Britain was by far the largest naval power in Europe. The British empire deeply shaped the modern world, many of the today's non-European countries owe their existence to empires, especially to the British. The loss of America did little damage to Britain's overseas trade. Twenty to thirty million Indian people were already living under British rule, most of them in the very rich province of Bengal. The trouble began on a frigate, whose commanding officer frequently addressed his men as 'black buggers', 'coolie bastards' or ' jungli Indians', which given to the tension in India was bound to provoke a violent reaction. The empire was nothing if not an engine of economic gain.

I will be looking at how British imperial rule both benefitted and hindered the growth of India economically, socially, and culturally. In nature, the structure was modern and pan-Indian in its spread, while the administrative structure served the purpose of maintaining law and order in India from the British view point, it served as a ground to protest and challenge the authority of the British in India.

Indeed the conservative elites of princely India and big landholders were to prove increasingly useful allies, who would lend critical monetary and military support during the two World Wars. It is Cornwallis who initiated the police system.

British legacy in india

India served as the main base for the British Empire 's expansion across Asia and would remain the empire's most important colony and main source of income as well as soldiers until independence. However, in true British tradition, they also chose to elaborate sophisticated and intellectual arguments to justify and explain their rule. The Nawab lost at least troops, while Britain lost only The British depended on three pillars, of civil service, the army and the police to achieve their objective. The paper reported that the agents had been called in to provide additional cover to Modi's security detail, composed of India's Special Protection Group and secret agents from RAW and IB, in wake of the November Paris attacks. They worried that Hindu and Muslim India would be Christianized. From to , African forest fighters waged a war against the British who had little experience fighting against guerilla warfare. In June , representatives of the Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs agreed to divide India along sectarian lines. Through this Act the British introduced the concept of a civil law enacted by a secular human agency, i. While his actions were legally justifiable, Orwell describes his feelings of guilt for his true intentions and rationale for the killing, which he admits to himself as unnecessary and unjust. For years, the British conquered the country bit by bit implicating their values stemming from their new feelings of superiority. After the Seven Years War and the Proclamation Line of , many colonists were outraged and began to display their emotions. The civil service was graded from the beginning as apprentices, writers, factors, junior merchants and then finally senior merchants. European Scramble for Colonies in Asia After the Portuguese rounded the Cape of Good Hope on Africa's southern tip in , opening sea lanes to the Far East by piracy on ancient trade lines in the Indian Ocean , the European powers strove to acquire Asian trading posts of their own. The Battle of Plassey Britain had been trading in India since about , but it did not begin to seize large sections of land until , after the Battle of Plassey.

They were given the powers to rule in the name of Her Majesty. Hindu and Sikh areas remained part of India, while predominantly Muslim areas in the north became the nation of Pakistan.

how was india treated under british rule
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Witnessing the End of British India