The protestant reformation in the 16th century

why did the reformation happen

Francis of AssisiValdes founder of the WaldensiansJan Husand John Wycliffe addressed aspects in the life of the church in the centuries before Luther had been especially appalled by a common church practice of the day, the selling of indulgences.

Reformers within the medieval church such as St. For most people, the church continued to offer spiritual comfort.

Utraquist Hussitism was allowed there alongside the Roman Catholic confession. Reformers and their opponents made heavy use of inexpensive pamphlets as well as vernacular Bibles using the relatively new printing press, so there was swift movement of both ideas and documents.

protestant reformation definition

As it was led by a Bohemian noble majority, and recognised, for a time, by the Basel Compacts, the Hussite Reformation was Europe's first " Magisterial Reformation " because the ruling magistrates supported it, unlike the " Radical Reformation ", which the state did not support.

After this first stage of the Reformation, following the excommunication of Luther in Decet Romanum Pontificem and the condemnation of his followers by the edicts of the Diet of Worms, the work and writings of John Calvin were influential in establishing a loose consensus among various churches in Switzerland, ScotlandHungary, Germany and elsewhere.

To Luther and other critics it appeared that salvation was for sale. Luther's translation influenced the development of the current Standard German.

The protestant reformation in the 16th century
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The Reformation