Some researchers think that it is the main purposes of our criminal justice system.
One of the main goals of punishment is deterrence. A family tie means that somewhere down the road, within my family tree the way we act in my family is because its how my bloodline was raised generation after generation. However, several literatures    have debated that nuclear deterrence and utilisation of nuclear weapons are morally and ethically unacceptable.
Also we will talk about how in some states mandatory guidelines actually can lower the total prison population. This ties into the Ecology perspective. From the variety of utilitarian justifications of punishment, retribution is the most convincing as its theoretical goals are sustained through societies, whereas general and specific deterrence cannot be justified on their own, as they do not match with retribution.
Beforehand the United States had the upper hand with nuclear weapons, but the Soviet Union quickly emerged. One of the most used forms of dealing with crime is punishing those who commit crimes.
This theory theorizes the individual as a rational actor who understand the penalties and can logically think and control their actions accordingly. It used this threat of "massive retaliation" as a means to deter Soviet hostility.
Deterrence theory understands that when there is a low likelihood of getting caught or the punishment is minimal it will not deter the individual from the crime.