In India, for example, towns and cities dump their human waste and other untreated sewage directly into the Ganges River. Rapid, unplanned and unsustainable styles of urban development are making developing cities the key focal points for emerging environmental and health hazards This was the case with Union Carbine, which moved its chemical manufacturing plant to Bhopal, Indiato manufacture a product it was not allowed to make in the United States.
Already, UNEP and the World Bank provide location advice and environmental risk assessment when the host country is not able to do so, and the World Health Organization and the International Labor Organization provide some guidance on occupational health and safety to developing countries.
Citizens in these developing nations face a high risk of heart disease, lung cancer, asthma, and stroke when compared with their counterparts citizens in developed nations. The livelihood of the masses also depend on these resources.
Because pollution threatens San Diego beaches, most of the cleanup is paid for by the United States and California governments. For instance, the exploration of oil and the activities of multinational oil companies in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria has caused substantial land, water and air pollution.
At least 10 million gal 38 million L of the factories' raw sewage is discharged into the Tijuana River daily. The Chinese economic model is energy intensive, with strong focus on investment and industrialization, and is being adopted by a number of developing countries.
There is a growing environment awareness in Third World nations, and many are trying to correct the problems. Of 3, Indian towns and cities, only have partial sewage treatmentand only eight have complete treatment.