The greatest check to Russian expansion took place after the Crimean War. The Eastern Question thus was not resolved until the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the empire's formal dissolution inand the peace treaty of Lausanne—the only such settlement negotiated but not imposed after that war—that the Entente and associated powers signed with the Republic of Turkey in and ratified a year later.
Britain also had humanitarian interests in the Balkans: with the most developed system of representative government in Europe and the most influential popular press, London cabinets were under pressure when Ottoman misrule led to uprisings, atrocities and repression.
Historians of World War I and have blamed the war on secret treaties, militarism, emotional nationalism and economic jealousy. Anderson, The Eastern Question, — ; A. England threatens Greece to support the false claims of a miserable Jew and burns its fleet: that is a lawful action; but Russia demands a treaty to protect millions of Christians, and that is deemed to strengthen its position in the East at the expense of the balance of power.
In Balkan diplomatic history it is easy to find situations in which old-style diplomacy encountered new forces and did a poor job dealing with them. Copyright c by H-Net, all rights reserved. It was also forced to sell Alaska to the United States in order to pay its huge war debts. Events in Bosnia and Herzegovina once more led to a Russo-Turkish War —78 ; the Treaty of San Stefano was so favorable to Russia that Britain went to the verge of war to compel a revision.
Its chancellor Prince Gorchakov had effectively secured Austrian neutrality with the Reichstadt Agreementunder which Ottoman territories captured in the course of the war would be partitioned between the Russian and Austria-Hungarian Empires, with the latter obtaining Bosnia and Herzegovina.