An overview of the founders and george calvert as lord of baltimore

His settlers were so successful against the French that they captured several ships, which they escorted back to England to help with the war effort.

An overview of the founders and george calvert as lord of baltimore

It was a proprietary colony of Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The Virginians, led by William Claiborne , who sailed to England to make the case, campaigned aggressively against separate colonising of the Chesapeake , claiming they possessed the rights to that area. George soon received permission from King James I to establish a larger colony called the Province of Avalon in Newfoundland. From the first, Cecilius wanted to make Maryland a haven from persecution for Catholics in England. Yet George had a problem: he had become a member of the Roman Catholic Church. In he returned to Newfoundland intending to colonize the region with a religiously diverse population. Born into a Roman Catholic family that was troubled periodically for its allegiance to a proscribed church, he lived as a Catholic during the first twelve years of his life. In , Sir Thomas Gargrave had described Richmond as a territory where all gentlemen were "evil in religion", by which he meant predominately Roman Catholic; [2] it appears Leonard Calvert was no exception. James elevated him to the Irish peerage by creating him baron of Baltimore.

Continue Reading. Employed as one of his many secretaries, Calvert used Cecil's influence to begin a slow but steady climb in the government of James I. This followed the dismissal of Sir Thomas Lake — due to scandals, including his wife's indiscretions with state secrets.

George calvert wikipedia

The first governor of the colony was Cecil Calvert's brother, Leonard. Baltimore was granted the loan of one of the ships to aid in his defence of the colony, as well as a share of the prize money. He therefore returned to England to plead his case for the Maryland charter but died before a new cession could be secured. In his father succumbed to the harassment of the Yorkshire High Commission and certified his conformity to the rites of the Church of England. In he sailed again for Newfoundland, this time with his second wife Jane, most of his children, [70] and 40 more settlers, to officially take over as Proprietary Governor of Avalon. In , he was given the title Baron Baltimore when he resigned from his official position. There is no man distinguished by so large and active a participation in the colonial history of this Country of whom so few memorials remain in published records.

He was dismayed to find that the war with France had spread to Newfoundland, and that he had to spend most of his time fighting off French attacks on English fishing fleets with his own ships the Dove and the Ark.

George Calvert soon conformed and for the next thirty-two years lived as a Protestant. He resigned all of his political offices in except for his position on the Privy Council and declared his Catholicism publicly.

Now that George had both money and lands, he could support himself and his family. Baltimore thereupon petitioned King Charles I for a land grant in the more temperate Chesapeake Bay area and, without waiting for a reply, sailed for Jamestown to join his wife.

Villiers returned the jewel, saying he had had nothing to do with the matter.

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George Calvert